Injury to the biceps muscle and tendon can lead to bicep pain and other symptoms. Causes include overuse of the muscle and trauma, but they can result in different types of injury.
Golfer's elbow, known more precisely as medial epicondylitis, is an injury to the tendons attached to the medial epicondyle.1 It is considered an overuse injury in which repetitive force places stress on connective tissues, causing pain, inflammation, and a reduced range of motion.
A dislocated shoulder is a common sports injury that can occur with a single swing of the tennis racket or an awkward fall on the field. Though popping the bone back into the socket may seem like a simple solution, the reality is more complex.
A lateral epicondylitis release is a surgery commonly used to treat tennis elbow (lateral epicondylitis). It is used when conservative treatments fail to resolve the pain and loss of grip strength caused by this overuse injury. By cutting the damaged tendon at the point where it attaches to the bone, called the lateral epicondyle, the tension in the elbow can be relieved along with accompanying symptoms.
Surgeons have performed acromioplasty to reduce pain and prevent rotator cuff disease progression since the 1970s. However, in the past decade, a number of randomized trials have brought the appropriate use of acromioplasty into question.